There are seven main leadership styles, autocratic. Transformational leadership is a leadership style that requires the leader to inspire employees and motivate them to achieve their collective goal. Transformative leadership is more focused on the vision of the company and, therefore, employees are often more aligned with the company's values. According to a PwC study, 56% of millennials would consider leaving an employer that didn't have the values they expected, so transformative and visionary leaders fit this demographic perfectly.
Martha Stewart has her autocratic leadership style to thank for her self-made empire. She has been described as a meticulous boss who is very demanding of her employees. Also known as democratic leadership, participatory leadership allows all team members to engage and work together to make important decisions. Participatory leadership is a great way to increase employee engagement and satisfaction.
If everyone is motivated to contribute and feels included, they are likely to feel more aligned with the company as well. Southwest Airlines has had many different leaders over the years, and they all seem to embody the participatory leadership style. Transactional leadership uses a reward and punishment model to motivate employees. Another advantage of transactional leadership is that it is easy to understand and implement.
Employees know exactly what is expected of them and can benefit from the rewards if they meet their goals regularly. Also known as “laissez-faire” leadership, delegative leadership is a practical approach that allows team members to use their own initiative to make decisions. There are similarities here with participatory leadership, in the sense that employees are valued for their opinions and decisions are taken collectively. Delegative leadership allows competent employees to shine and be rewarded for their innovation.
This can result in a positive atmosphere that is incredibly satisfying for employees and makes them feel valued. However, like participatory leadership, delegative leadership has also been associated with low levels of productivity. All your projects & information in 1 place. Autocratic leadership is where the leader makes all the decisions and rarely accepts the advice of followers.
Autocratic leaders are generally bossy in nature and don't have much faith in their employees. They are the ones who retain decision-making rights with them and expect employees to follow the same. Determine the strategies, techniques and policies that dictate the overall functions of the organization. This often ends in a one-sided issue where the results are efficient but less creative.
Autocratic leadership is also known as the authoritarian leadership style. Employees are expected to adhere to the decision at the time and pace set by the leader. This seriously affects the overall level of motivation and commitment of employees. It also restricts communication in the workplace, which is effective for the overall performance of the organization.
Transactional leadership was founded by Max Weber in 1947 and was explored and perfected by Bernard M. A transactional leader has three main characteristics: oversight, organization and team performance. The transactional leadership style is based on a clear chain of command, strict administration and rewards against. Transactional leadership styles are common and are often used as a solution to remedy low work efficiency.
When team members meet a goal, they are rewarded through positive indications, when employees “fail”, are punished or reprimanded. This leadership style is based on a psychological process known as operant conditioning, in which associations are built between certain behaviors and outcomes. There are rather obvious advantages and disadvantages of transactional leadership styles. Charismatic leaders are excellent communicators with strong interpersonal skills.
The charismatic leadership style is based on strong visibility of the broader common goal, keeping team members informed and ensuring that team members have an emotional connection to the work they are doing. As with all the leadership styles described, there are advantages and disadvantages to the charismatic leadership style. A transformative leader encourages his team members to be creative, to use innovative products while they work, and to learn and develop consistently within their role. The transformative leadership style is characterized by the leader offering individualized support and guidance to team members to motivate and inspire them to do their best work.
Transformative leaders tend to lead by example and show the best version of themselves with the idea that team members will follow suit. There are pros and cons to the transformative leadership style. What makes a leader great? In general, great leaders possess several qualities and employ different management styles that differentiate them. While some of these leadership styles can be acquired through training, others are gained through mentors and experience.
Therefore, if you want to become the best leader in your business, you have to work with the best and most famous business mentors. The best way to know if you have the best mentor is to familiarize yourself with the 3 A's of mentoring. There are many examples of great leaders who had mentors. Here are the 7 leadership styles you can adopt.
An autocratic leader believes he is the smartest person at the table, so he wants to make all decisions with little or no involvement from other team members. These leaders use the demand and control approach, which is a traditional style of leadership. The most common phrase associated with this leadership style is “do what I say”. Although some managers still use the autocratic leadership style, it doesn't seem to hold up much with today's workforce.
The laissez-faire leadership style is the opposite of autocratic leadership. It is considered to offer the least amount of supervision. While an autocratic leader stands firm on issues, a laissez-faire leader lets his team members flow with the flow. While this leadership style shows that you believe your employees know what they are doing, it can make you seem distant.
If you remember your high school French, you will accurately assume that laissez-faire leadership is the least intrusive form of leadership. The French term “laissez-faire” is literally translated to let them do, and the leaders who adopt it give almost all the authority to their employees. While laissez-faire leadership can empower employees by relying on them to work as they would like, it can limit their development and overlook critical opportunities for company growth. Therefore, it is important that this leadership style is kept under control.
Transformational leadership is always transforming and improving company conventions. Employees may have a basic set of tasks and goals that they complete each week or month, but the leader constantly pushes them out of their comfort zone. Transactional leaders are quite common nowadays. These managers reward their employees precisely for the work they do.
A marketing team that receives a scheduled bonus to help generate a certain number of leads by the end of the quarter is a common example of transactional leadership. Transactional leadership helps establish roles and responsibilities for each employee, but it can also encourage minimal work if employees know how much their effort is worth all the time. This leadership style can use incentive programs to motivate employees, but they must be consistent with the company's goals and used in addition to unscheduled gestures of appreciation. That's the idea behind a popular management survey tool called Leadership Development Profile.
Created by Professor Torbert and psychologist Susanne Cook-Greuter and featured in the book Personal and Organizational Transformations, the survey is based on a set of 36 open-sentence completion tasks to help researchers better understand how leaders develop and grow. For example, if you agree with everything the strategist said, this would make you a strategic leader by 66% and a democratic leader by 33%. If you agreed with only the third statement, but also with everything the alchemist said, this would make you a transformative leader by 50%, strategic by 25% and democratic by 25%. Managerial leadership is a leadership style in which the leader makes decisions for their organization, their direct reports and their employees on their own, without asking any of these people for a meaningful opinion.
Within this leadership style, the knowledge and experience of subordinates is not required. Direct reports and employees should simply implement the decisions their boss made at the time and pace stipulated by them. Collaborative leadership is a style in which the leader makes decisions based on input from other colleagues. Usually those who have some interest in the decision, or someone with extensive experience in the matters and issues related to the decision in question.
Collaborative leaders make the last call, but those involved in their decision-making often make important contributions. In most cases, collaborative leaders tend to raise the issues, issues, and options they have identified and then open up space for discussion on each of these factors. The collaborative leader opens their decision making to a collaborative process in a way that allows them to take into account the feedback of their collaborators. The French term laissez faire is literally translated to let them do it.
Leaders who adopt this style of leadership tend to explicitly or implicitly transfer most, if not all, decision-making authority to their subordinates. This tends to be especially true in young start-ups, where you see a founder of a laissez-faire company who tends to put full trust in the company's day-to-day operations in the hands of fellow founders, while focusing on the company's strategic leadership. With young startups, laissez-faire's leadership style can empower fellow founders by trusting them to work the way they want. However, over time, as the company grows and grows, this leadership style may begin to limit its development and lead the company as a whole to overlook critical growth problems and opportunities.
Leaders who tend to use the bureaucratic leadership style tend to “manage by the books.”. Those who use this leadership can listen and even consider the opinion of employees, but this leader will reject an employee's opinion if it conflicts with company policies or past practices. You tend to find these types of leaders in larger, older, or more traditional companies. In these companies, when someone proposes a strategy that seems new or non-traditional, leaders who rely on bureaucratic style will reject new approaches because they abandon past practices.
The resistance of these leaders to new approaches may be because the company has already been successful with its current processes and trying something new could waste time or resources if it doesn't work. Employees under this leadership style generally do not feel as controlled as they do under a leader who uses a managerial leadership style, but there is still a lack of freedom to the extent that subordinates can exercise their own discretion in their work. T Very, very few organizational leaders are skilled enough to implement the seven leadership styles described above in the situations that require them. Those leaders who, at their best, can deploy pieces and parts of 2 or 3 styles should be commended.
In any case, there will always be situations where a leader's preferred style (s) will not be effective. Each leadership style has its place in a leader's toolkit, and while you may naturally have a prevailing leadership style, as an effective leader, you may need to be able to use several different leadership styles at any given time. The intelligent leader knows how to adapt from one style to another as circumstances and situations demand. The most illustrative phrase of an autocratic leadership style is “Do what I say.”.
This command-and-control approach is used less and less in today's organizations, however, it may be appropriate in certain situations. You can use an autocratic leadership style when crucial decisions need to be made urgently and there is no time to wait. An example of when the autocratic leadership style could be effective is if there was a fire in the building where one person needs to lead everyone safely and without being questioned. Leaders who use this style of leadership are often self-confident people who chart the path and set expectations, while engaging and encouraging followers along the way.
This style can also be called visionary leadership. The most illustrative phrase of an authoritative leadership style is: “Follow me. Authorized leaders help people see where the organization is going and what will happen when they get there. An example of when the Authorized Leadership style could be effective is in changing and uncertain times, as these leaders provide a clear vision of what needs to be done to succeed.
This style of leadership is at the opposite end of the continuum of autocratic leadership. When taken to the extreme, the leader without intervention can end up looking indifferent and remote. However, a laissez-faire leader is confident that people know what to do and it works well when he leads highly qualified and experienced individuals and teams who are self-initiated and motivated. The COVID-19 pandemic is placing new demands on managers and business leaders and has highlighted uncertainty in the world of work, making the ability to use different leadership styles for unclear and rapid situations even more important.
Leaders have had to completely reimagine their approach to how they lead. Lockdowns, isolation and remote work have had an impact on how leaders lead in these changing and uncertain environments. Strong leadership requires an understanding of the complex combination of traits and behaviors that can inspire and motivate success; no leadership style fits every situation. As we have seen, different work situations require different leadership styles; the appropriate style will be the one that suits particular circumstances and people.
The roles are well defined, and people who are ambitious and respond to rewards are likely to do well under this type of leadership. Therefore, it makes perfect sense to have several leadership styles that fit the different personalities and work environments in which people respond most effectively. Knowing your leadership style is critical because it can help you determine how it affects those under your direct influence. An affiliate leadership style focuses on cultivating harmony and collaborative relationships among employees.
It reflects the assumption that acts of leadership should come from anyone, not just those in formal positions of authority. Unfortunately, the literature on leadership is extensive, with several theories competing for dominance, so there is no definitive answer to this question. Over the years, Lewin, his colleagues and researchers have identified more leadership styles. However, as expected, this leadership style can cause employees to feel unmotivated and disconnected, which can ultimately result in increased turnover.
While democracy tends to be an effective leadership style and has a number of benefits, it fosters creativity, emphasizes fairness, and values intelligence and honesty, there are some potential drawbacks. With its emphasis on adaptability, situational leadership offers great benefits for the organization, managers and employees. Now, check which of the seven leadership styles you adopt on the right based on the phrases you resonated with on the left. .