There are seven main leadership styles, autocratic. Authoritarian leadership styles allow a leader to set expectations and define outcomes. A one-man show can be successful in situations where a leader is the most knowledgeable of the team. Although this is an effective strategy in limited periods of time, creativity will be sacrificed as the team's input is limited.
Authoritarian leadership style is also used when team members need clear guidelines. Participatory leadership styles are based on democratic theory. The essence is to involve team members in the decision-making process. Team members feel included, engaged and motivated to contribute.
The leader will normally have the final say in decision-making processes. However, if there are disagreements within a group, it can be a slow process to reach consensus. Also known as laissez-faire leadership, a style of delegative leadership focuses on delegating initiative to team members. This can be a successful strategy if team members are competent, take responsibility and prefer to participate in individual work.
However, disagreements between members can divide and divide a group, leading to a lack of motivation and low morale. Transactional leadership styles use transactions between a leader and his followers (rewards, punishments, and other exchanges) to get the job done. The leader sets clear objectives and the team members know how they will be rewarded for their fulfillment. This give-and-take leadership style is more concerned with following established routines and procedures efficiently than making any transformative change in an organization.
Visionary Servant (Progress-Focused and Inspiring) (Humble and Protective). Democratic leadership is exactly what it sounds like: the leader makes decisions based on the input of each team member. Even though he makes the last call, every employee has the same opinion about the direction of the project. Democratic leadership is one of the most effective leadership styles because it allows lower-level employees to exercise the authority they will need to use wisely in the future positions they may hold.
It also looks like how decisions can be made at company board meetings. Autocratic leadership is the opposite of democratic leadership. In this style of leadership, the leader makes decisions without receiving the opinion of anyone who reports to him. Employees are not considered or consulted before a change of direction, and are expected to comply with the decision at the time and pace stipulated by the leader.
If you remember your high school French, you will accurately assume that laissez-faire leadership is the least intrusive form of leadership. The French term “laissez-faire” is literally translated to let them do, and the leaders who adopt it give almost all the authority to their employees. While laissez-faire leadership can empower employees by relying on them to work as they would like, it can limit their development and overlook critical opportunities for company growth. Therefore, it is important that this leadership style is kept under control.
Like the coach of a sports team, this leader focuses on identifying and nurturing the individual strengths of each member of his team. They also focus on strategies that will enable their team to work better together. This style offers strong similarities to strategic and democratic leadership, but places more emphasis on the growth and success of individual employees. Bureaucratic leaders are guided by books.
This leadership style can listen to and consider the opinion of employees, unlike autocratic leadership, but the leader tends to reject an employee's opinion if it conflicts with company policy or past practices. Employees under this leadership style may not feel as controlled as they would under autocratic leadership, but there is still a lack of freedom as to how much people can do in their roles. This can quickly stop innovation and is definitely not recommended for companies pursuing ambitious goals and rapid growth. Leadership styles are classifications of how a person behaves while leading a group.
Lewyn's leadership styles are authoritarian (autocratic), participatory (democratic) and delegative (laissez-faire). Despite the fact that they are natural leaders, those who follow the servant leadership model do not try to maintain a clear understanding of their own status or power. Instead, they focus on uplifting and developing the people who follow them. Participatory leadership leads to higher quality contributions.
See how much you agree with each sentence, and at the bottom, find out what leadership style you advocate based on the logics of action you most agreed with. This is a desirable leadership style in many companies because strategic thinking supports several types of employees at once. A manager with this leadership style can help employees improve their strengths by giving them new tasks to test, offering guidance, or meeting to discuss constructive feedback. And while this theory emphasizes leadership behavior, it is difficult to determine how a leader can learn to be charismatic and transformative.
While authoritarian leadership is certainly not the best option for every situation, it can be effective and beneficial in cases where supporters need a lot of direction and where rules and standards must be followed to the letter. Leadership training from a good business school can help you understand and strengthen your own leadership style. Values are important in the world of service leadership, and those who lead within this network do so with generosity of spirit. Needless to say, this approach is highly managerial and is often referred to as an “eye-opening leadership style”.
In addition to the three styles identified by Lewin and his colleagues, researchers have described many other characteristic patterns of leadership. With this leadership style, there is a prescribed set of boxes that must be checked to be a true leader. While a certain leadership style may have an impact on a specific job, for example, autocratic leaders do well in military settings, the best leadership is to use a combination of these styles. Now that you understand Lewin's three leadership styles, let's take a different approach by looking at emotional leadership theory.
At one end, the autocratic-style leader stands steady as a rock in trouble, while the leader of laissez-faire allows people to swim with the current. If you're working toward becoming a better leader within your role, it's helpful to understand the pros and cons of your current leadership style and what additional types of leadership you may aspire to incorporate. Lewin noted that laissez-faire leadership tended to lead to groups that lacked leadership and members who blamed each other for mistakes, refused to accept personal responsibility, made less progress and produced less work. .