Instrumental Leadership Focuses on Achieving Goals. Leaders who are dominantly instrumental work to maintain productivity and ensure that tasks are completed. They are good managers because they do the job.
Transactional leadership stylerequires hard lines between leaders and followers.
This type of leader focuses on exchanges of profits or transactions with subordinates. Transactional leaders believe that people are motivated by rewards and punishments. For a transactional leader, the promise of reward drives followers to reach their full potential. Transformational leaders see themselves as social engineers in some way.
They seek to make changes and improvements in people and social systems. This type of leader likes to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of followers and use that information to help them achieve their best self. The transformational leader also identifies with followers and is inspired by interactions with subordinates. A leader doesn't have to be purely transactional or purely transformative.
Transactional leaders run a tight ship, so to speak. They clearly define roles and responsibilities. Reliance on rewards and punishments can result in difficult outcomes, such as pay cuts and high turnover for the organization if the team is underperforming. Authoritarian leadership styles allow a leader to set expectations and define outcomes.
A one-man show can be successful in situations where a leader is the most knowledgeable of the team. Although this is an effective strategy in limited periods of time, creativity will be sacrificed as the team's input is limited. Authoritarian leadership style is also used when team members need clear guidelines. Participatory leadership styles are based on democratic theory.
The essence is to involve team members in the decision-making process. Team members feel included, engaged and motivated to contribute. The leader will normally have the final say in decision-making processes. However, if there are disagreements within a group, it can be a slow process to reach consensus.
Democratic leadership is exactly what it sounds like: the leader makes decisions based on the input of each team member. Even though he makes the last call, every employee has the same opinion about the direction of the project. Democratic leadership is one of the most effective leadership styles because it allows lower-level employees to exercise the authority they will need to use wisely in the future positions they may hold. It also looks like how decisions can be made at company board meetings.
Autocratic leadership is the opposite of democratic leadership. In this style of leadership, the leader makes decisions without receiving the opinion of anyone who reports to him. Employees are not considered or consulted before a change of direction, and are expected to comply with the decision at the time and pace stipulated by the leader. If you remember your high school French, you will accurately assume that laissez-faire leadership is the least intrusive form of leadership.
The French term “laissez-faire” is literally translated to let them do, and the leaders who adopt it give almost all the authority to their employees. While laissez-faire leadership can empower employees by relying on them to work as they would like, it can limit their development and overlook critical opportunities for company growth. Therefore, it is important that this leadership style is kept under control. Like the coach of a sports team, this leader focuses on identifying and nurturing the individual strengths of each member of his team.
They also focus on strategies that will enable their team to work better together. This style offers strong similarities to strategic and democratic leadership, but places more emphasis on the growth and success of individual employees. Bureaucratic leaders are guided by books. This leadership style can listen to and consider the opinion of employees, unlike autocratic leadership, but the leader tends to reject an employee's opinion if it conflicts with company policy or past practices.
Employees under this leadership style may not feel as controlled as they would under autocratic leadership, but there is still a lack of freedom as to how much people can do in their roles. This can quickly stop innovation and is definitely not recommended for companies pursuing ambitious goals and rapid growth. Leadership styles are on a continuum, ranging from autocratic on one end to laissez-faire on the other, with a variety of styles in between. There are seven main leadership styles.
The most illustrative phrase of an autocratic leadership style is “Do what I say.”. In general, an autocratic leader believes that he is the smartest person at the table and knows more than the others. They make all decisions with little involvement of team members. That's not to say that style isn't appropriate in certain situations.
For example, you can immerse yourself in an autocratic leadership style when crucial decisions must be made on the spot and you have the greatest knowledge of the situation, or when you are dealing with new and inexperienced team members and there is no time to wait for team members to become familiar with their roles. The phrase most indicative of this leadership style (also known as visionary) is Follow Me. Authorized leadership style is the mark of confident leaders who chart the path and set expectations, while engaging and stimulating followers along the way. Should you avoid the style that sets the pace altogether? Not so fast.
If you're an energetic entrepreneur working with a like-minded team on the development and announcement of a new product or service, this style can serve you well. However, this is not a style that can be maintained in the long term. A leader who sets the pace needs to let air out of the tires from time to time to prevent the equipment from wearing out. Democratic leaders are more likely to ask How do you see it? And, whenever possible, they share information with employees that affects their job responsibilities.
They also seek employee input before making a final decision. This style of participatory leadership has numerous benefits. It can build trust and promote team spirit and employee cooperation. Enables creativity and helps employees grow and develop.
A democratic leadership style makes people do what you want done, but in a way that they want to do. When you have a leadership style of coaching, you tend to have a focus. Consider this approach. A coaching leader sees people as a pool of talent to be developed.
Leader who uses a coaching approach seeks to unleash people's potential. Leaders who use a coaching style open their hearts and doors for people. They believe that everyone has power within themselves. A coaching leader gives people a little direction to help them harness their ability to reach their full potential.
A phrase often used to describe this type of leadership is: People come first. Of all leadership styles, the affiliative leadership approach is the closest and most personal. A leader who practices this style pays attention to and supports the emotional needs of team members. The leader strives to open a channel that connects him to the team.
The laissez-faire leadership style is at the opposite end of the autocratic spectrum. Of all approaches, this involves the least amount of oversight. You could say that the autocratic-style leader stands steady as a rock on the subjects, while the leader of laissez-faire lets people swim with the flow. On the surface, a laissez-faire leader may seem to trust people to know what to do.
However, when taken to the extreme, such a leader without intervention may end up looking distant. So, while it's beneficial to give people room to run, managers need to strike a balance to ensure they stay anchored in the organization's critical goals. Traditional leadership styles are still relevant in today's workplace, but they may need to be combined with new approaches in line with how leadership is defined for the 21st century. Despite the fact that they are natural leaders, those who follow the servant leadership model do not try to maintain a clear understanding of their own status or power.
Instead, they focus on uplifting and developing the people who follow them. An autocratic leader centralizes power and decision-making in himself. Give orders, assign tasks and duties without consulting employees. The leader assumes full authority and takes full responsibility.
An experiment conducted between the Boy Scouts Clubs of the U.S. UU. in 1940 shows that autocratic leadership is likely to arouse antagonism in the group and produce hostility towards the leader. In democratic groups, the absence of the leader made little difference, while in autocratic groups, productive work was reduced to a minimum when the leader was out of the room.
Needless to say, this approach is highly managerial and is often referred to as an “eye-opening leadership style”. While this type of leader is ideal for organizations or teams tasked with achieving specific goals, such as sales and revenue, it's not the best leadership style to drive creativity. Also known as laissez-faire leadership, a style of delegative leadership focuses on delegating initiative to team members. In addition to the three styles identified by Lewin and his colleagues, researchers have described many other characteristic patterns of leadership.
By starting a job with this type of leader, all employees can get a list of goals to be achieved, as well as the deadlines for achieving them. Even the most motivated employees can be stressed by working under this type of pressure over the long term, suggesting that a more agile approach may be the ultimate leadership style required to lead today's talent. Good leadership courses teach you the dynamics of human behavior, as well as increasing self-awareness and providing the opportunity to practice leadership in different situations. Most professionals develop their own leadership style based on factors such as experience and personality, as well as the unique needs of their company and organizational culture.
While the leadership style that sets the pace is effective in getting things done and driving results, it is an approach that can put team members off. This method can also lead to a lack of structure, confusion in leadership, and employees not feeling properly supported. Because team members feel their voice is heard and their contributions matter, fostering higher levels of employee engagement and workplace satisfaction is often attributed to a democratic leadership style. .